Outstanding Facts from Twin Systems LLC

Did You Know These Facts?

That a BTU or British Thermal Unit = The amount of heat energy used to increse 1 pound of water 1 degree.


That natural gas is sold in therms and a therm = 100,000 btu's.


That 1 cubic foot of natural gas = 1,000 btu's.


That 1 cubic foot of propane gas = 2,100 - 2,500 btu's.


That 1 kw or kilo watt = 3,413 btu's.


That the plumbing term for a toilet is water closet.


That a tank type water heater only provides 70% of it's stored capacity for the set tempeture. A 50 gallon water heater will produce 35 gallons of water per hour at the temperture setting on the heater.


That water weighs 8.33 pounds per gallon.


That a 12" inch column of water = .434 PSI


That the average amount of water used per person per day at home is

65 gallons. 



How It Works: Water Heater


Like many other household conveniences, a good supply of hot water is only truly appreciated when it stops. And if it stops when you're in the shower, this realization can arrive quite abruptly. Fortunately, it doesn't happen that often. The systems that provide hot water are generally reliable and operate for years without a hitch. But when the hitch comes, some background can help. Even if you can't make the repairs yourself, you'll have a good idea what to tell the doctor when he arrives.

Tankless Heaters


If your home doesn't have a hot-water tank, you probably have a hot-water or steam home-heating system that also heats water for your taps. To accomplish the job, your boiler has a tankless water heater. In this system, a coil of pipe is connected at one end to the cold water supply, and at the other to your hot-water delivery piping. As the boiler heats the water that warms your home, that water heats the coil, creating hot water at your taps.

Because tankless heaters only heat water as it's used, there's no cost for maintaining heat in a large volume of water during periods of low usage. However, they do have a few drawbacks. First, the hot water generated is far hotter than necessary, so a cold-water mixing valve should be installed to reduce the chance of scalding. Second, the boiler must fire to generate hot water—which is efficient during the winter months, but decidedly more wasteful when the weather is warm. Like tank-type heaters, tankless heaters are designed to achieve a specific heating rate. Once the rate is exceeded by demand, the temperature of the water drops. In some cases, storage tanks are connected to the heating coil to increase hot-water availability.

In addition to boiler-mounted tankless heaters, stand-alone units are available. Gas-fired instantaneous water heaters utilize a coil and heat exchanger to heat water as it's required. Like boiler-mounted units, instantaneous water heaters don't use energy to maintain the heat in a volume of water, but only fire as hot water is required. A downside is that stand-alone units typically have a lower flow rate than boiler-mounted systems and may fall short during periods of high demand.


Print | Sitemap
© Twin Systems LLC